Echoes of realism exist where mining companies "cloak" themselves in nationality and international institutions effect legal control.
Materialism as a theory frames the importance of property, economic power, and the presence of inequality.
Institutions in mining. Accrediting good practices and avoiding, or resolving, conflict is an institutional norm in mining which creates the infrastructure and skill sets to discuss and resolve complex issues.
The social world with which mining interacts is dominated by identity, lived experiences, and narratives in complex socially constructed contexts.
Mining companies need to be aware of historical contexts and not unintentionally create dependencies. In other words, mining companies need to think in terms of international relations postcolonial theory.