Liberalism in International Relations Theory expresses optimism over the use of institutions to mitigate competition between countries and resolve disputes. Am emphasis on mutual benefits, cooperation and collaboration fosters a sense of inclusiveness. Democratic Peace Theory (Liberalist theory) asserts democratic states are less conflict prone, specifically in relation to other democracies. Commercial Peace Theory (Liberalist theory) supports that free trade (including mining) fosters relations between countries and interdependencies making conflict less likely - effect of Globalisation. Institutionalism in mining presents a broad spectrum. From International Organisations (United Nations, World Bank), to mining industry umbrella organisations, to commodity specific associations. Focus points to support sustainable mining, maximise positive social impact and development legacies, minimise environmental damage, and integrate the industry into the renewable energy transition, are all promoted. Accrediting good practices and avoiding, or resolving, conflict is an institutional norm in mining which creates the infrastructure (meeting space) and skill sets to discuss (arbitrate) and resolve complex issues. Stakeholder communication and outreach is assisted. Cross-border projects promote regional collaboration. International Organisations help reform mining legislation in various countries. Liberalism in International Relations Theory is mirrored in the mining world. Optimism for mitigating competition (social, environmental, commercial) creates potential for resolving complex issues and minimising conflict through institutionalised processes. Our video discusses here.